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FireTox is gearing up for a busy spring and summer with training seminars for a variety of different audiences. Click the links below to register for our upcoming events.

Fire Suppression System Failures hosted by the National Association of Subrogation Professionals (NASP)- March 22, 2022, 2:00 pm-3:00 pm (ET). Registration is free to IAAI members. IAAI members can register at and NASP members can register at

A Community Approach to Preventing Falls and Fires Among Older Adults at the 2022 National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Conference & Expo- June 6, 2022, 8:00 am-9:00 am (ET). Register at

The Impact of Drugs on Fire Risk at the 2022 National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Conference & Expo- June 7, 2022, 10:30 am-12:00 pm (ET). Register at

If you missed our recent webinar on Occupant Tenability Assessment Approaches in Performance-Based Design hosted by the Society of Fire Protection Engineers (SFPE), you can watch the recorded webinar available from SFPE at

Our team is happy to announce that we have been awarded an SFPE Foundation research grant which will support our work on "Environmental and Health Impacts of Fire and Fire-Suppression Activities During Large-Scale Fire Events". The primary objective of the research is to characterize the environmental and health impacts following large-scale wildland and structural fire events. The research project will be led by our Technical Director, Dr. Jamie McAllister, and Senior Project Engineer, Brendan McCarrick. To read more about our research objectives or the SFPE Foundation, visit

On January 5, 2022, a fire in a Philadelphia row house resulted in 12 deaths. A few days later on January 9, 2022, a fire in a Bronx highrise led to 17 deaths. Using data from NFPA, a profile of catastrophic multiple-death fires in the U.S., between 2002 and 2020, is shown below.

Catastrophic multiple-death fires, defined by NFPA as "residential fires that kill five or more people or nonresidential or nonstructural fires that kill three or more people", accounted for approximately 4% (+/- 2%) of overall deaths in the U.S. between 2002 and 2020.

Not surprisingly, a review of these incidents shows that they occurred in structures with no sprinkler systems; buildings were more than 50 years old, and in some cases, over a century old. With most building and fire codes grandfathering older structures from modern fire protection requirements, such as sprinkler systems, early occupant notification, and compartmentation become critical fire safety features. In several of the multiple-death incidents reviewed, non-functional alarm systems and early compromise of egress pathways were common themes, which highlights the need for risk assessment and inspection, testing, and maintenance to combat fire safety challenges in older structures.

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