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ALCOHOL AND DRUGS IN FIRE RELATED DEATHS AND INJURIES
Ball, M.,and Bruck, D., (2004), “The Effect of Alcohol Upon Response to Fire Alarm Signals in SleepingYoung Adults, Human Behavior in Fire”, Proceedings of the Third International Symposium, September 1-3, 2004, Belfast, N. Ireland, Interscience Communications Ltd., London, England. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.484.3599&rep=rep1&type=pdf
Ballard, J., Koepsell, T., Rivara, F. (1992) “Association of Smoking and Alcohol Drinking with Residential Fire Injuries,” American Journal of Epidemiology, 135(1):26-34. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a116198
Barrillo, D.J., Goode, R. (1996). "Fire fatality study: demographics of fire victims," Burns, 22(2): 85-88. https://doi.org/10.1016/0305-4179(95)00095-X
Barrillo, D.J., Rush, B.F., Good, R., Lin, R-L, Freda, A., et al. (1986). “Is Ethanol the Unknown Toxin in Smoke Inhalation Injury?”, The American Surgeon, 52 (12):641-645. http://europepmc.org/abstract/med/3789542
Berl, W.G. and Halphin, B.M. (1980), “Human Fatalities from Unwanted Fires”, John Hopkins APL Technical Digest, 1(2). http://techdigest.jhuapl.edu/views/pdfs/V01_N2_1980/V1_N2_1980_Berl.pdf
Bruck, D., (2001), “The Who, What, Where and Why of Waking to Fire Alarms: A Review”, Fire Safety Journal, Vol. 36. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/c994/e666cafd4dc0883174818973336e1710f1c7.pdf
Bruck, D., Ball, M., Thomas, I.R. (2011), "Fire fatality and alcohol intake: analysis of key risk factors.", J. Stud Alcohol Drugs, 72(5):731-736. https://doi.org/10.15288/jsad.2011.72.731
Bruck, D., Thomas, I. and Ball, M., (2007). “Waking Effectiveness of alarms (Auditory, Visual and Tactile) for the Alcohol Impaired”, Prepared for the Fire Protection Research Foundation, NFPA, Victoria University, Australia. http://vuir.vu.edu.au/683/1/alcohol%26alarmsreport.pdf
Davis C.S., Esposito T.J., Palladino-Davis A.G., Rychlik K., Schermer C.R., et. al. (2013). "Implications of alcohol intoxication at the time of burn and smoke inhalation injury: an epidemiologic and clinical analysis." Journal of Burn Care and Research, 34(1):120-126. https://doi.org/10.1097/BCR.0b013e3182644c58
Dean, E., Taylor, M. (2017). “An exploration of alcohol-related fire incidences”, Journal of Risk Research, https://doi.org/10.1080/13669877.2017.1301537
Doyle, A., Lyons, S., Lynn, E. (2019) "Profile of fire fatalities in Ireland using coronial data", Fire Safety Journal, Volume 110,
Gerson, L., Wingard, D., (1979), “Fire deaths and drinking: data from the Ontario fire reporting system”, Am. J. Drug Alcohol Abuse, 6:125-133. https://doi.org/10.3109/00952997909007038
Gormsen, H., Jeepsen, N., Lund, A.(1984). “The causes of death in fire victims”, Forensic Sci. Int., 24:107-111. https://doi.org/10.1016/0379-0738(84)90090-2
Grace, T. Improving the Waking Effectiveness of Fire Alarms in Residential Areas. Master’s Thesis, University of Canterbury, 1997.
Hasofer, A.M., Thomas, I.R. (2007). “Sound intensity required for waking up”, Fire Safety Journal, 42: 265-270. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.firesaf.2006.11.005
Hollis, W.S (1973). “Drinking: Its Part in Fire Deaths,” Fire Journal, pp. 10-13.
Howland, J., and Hingson, J. (1987), “Alcohol as a Risk Factor for Injuries or Death Due to Fire and Burns: Review of the Literature,” Public Health Report, 102:475–483. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1477900/pdf/pubhealthrep00175-0017.pdf
Jennings, C.R. (1999). “Socioeconomic Characterisitics and Their Relationship to Fire Incidence: A Review of the Literature”, Fire Technology, 35 (1): 7-34. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1015330931387
Levine, B., Moore K.A., Fowler, D. (2001). “Interaction between carbon monoxide and ethanol in fire fatalities”, Forensic Sci. Int.,124:115-116. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0379-0738(01)00583-7
Lykiardopoulos, C., Psychotropic Drug Usage and Human Behavior During Fire Emergencies. PhD Thesis, Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia, December 2014.
Marshall, S.W., Runyan, C.W., Bangdiwala, S., Linzer, M.A., Sacks, J.J., et al. (1998) “Fatal Residential Fire: Who Dies and Who Survives?”, JAMA, 279(20):1633-1637. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.279.20.1633
Sharma, P, Penney, D.G., (1990) “Effects of ethanol in acute carbon monoxide poisoning”. Toxicology, 62(2):213-226. https://doi.org/10.1016/0300-483X(90)90111-S
Squires, T., Busuttil, A (1997). “Alcohol and house fire fatalities in Scotland, 1980-1990”. Med. Sci. Law, 37:321-325, 1997. http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/002580249703700407
United States Fire Administration (2003). "Establishing a Relationship Between Alcohol and Causalities of Fire", Topical Fire Research Series, 3(3). https://nfa.usfa.fema.gov/downloads/pdf/statistics/v3i3.pdf
TOXICOLOGY AND HISTORICAL FIRES
Birky, M., Malek, D., Paabo, M. (1983). "Study of biological samples obtained from victims of MGM Grand Hotel Fire." J. Anal. Toxicol. 7:265-271. https://doi.org/10.1093/jat/7.6.265
Birky, M. Paabo, M. Brown, J. (1980) "Correlation of Autopsy Data and Materials Involved in the Tennessee Jail Fire." Fire Safety Journal. 2: 17-22. https://doi.org/10.1016/0379-7112(79)90012-2
Gill, J, Goldfeder, L., Stajic, M. (2003). "The Happy Land Homicides: 87 Deaths Due to Smoke Inhalation." J. Forensic Sci. 48: 161-163. https://doi.org/10.1520/JFS2002227
Levin, B.C., Rechani, P.R., Gurman, J.L, Landron, F., Clark, H.M., et al. (1990). "Analysis of carboxyhemoglobin and cyanide in blood from victims of the Dupont Plaza Hotel fire in Puerto Rico." J. Forensic Sci. 35: 151-168 (1990). http://fire.nist.gov/bfrlpubs/fire90/PDF/f90019.pdf
HEALTH EFFECTS OF EXPOSURE TO FIRE EFFLUENTS & FIRE SERVICE OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY
Aronson, K, Tomlinson, G, Smith, L, “Mortality Among Fire Fighters in Metropolitan Toronto.” American Journal of Industrial Medicine. Volume 26, 1994, pp 89-101. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.4700260108
Avakian, M., Dellinger, D., Fiedler, H., Gullet, B., Koshland, C., et al., “The Origin, Fate, and Health Effects of Combustion By-Products: A Research Framework”, Environmental Health Perspectives, Volume 110, Number 11, November 2002. https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.021101155
Baris D., Garrity, T.J., Telles, J.L., et al., “Cohort mortality study of Philadelphia firefighters”, American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Volume 39, 2001, pp. 463-476. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.1040
Beaumont, JJ, Chu, GS, Jones, JR, et al., “An epidemiological study on cancer and other causes of mortality in San Francisco firefighters”, American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Volume 19, 1991, pp. 357-372. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.4700190309
Bridgman, S., “Community health risk assessment after a fire with asbestos containing fallout,” Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, Volume 55, 2001, pp. 921-927. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech.55.12.921
Brown, J. and Thornton, J. “Percivall Pott (1714-1788) and Chimney Sweepers’ Cancer of the Scrotum.” British Journal of Industrial Medicine. Volume 14, Number 1, January 1957, pp. 68-70. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1037746/pdf/brjindmed00217-0074.pdf
Demers, P.A., Checkoway, H., Vaughan, T.L., et al., “Cancer incidence among firefighters in Seattle and Tacoma, Washington (United States)”, Cancer Causes Control, Volume 5, 1994, pp. 129-135. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01830258
Deschamps, S, Momas, I, Festy, B, “Mortality amongst Paris fire-fighters.” European Journal of Epidemiology. Volume 11, 1995, pp 643-646. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01720297
Edelman, P, Osterloh, J, Pirkle, J, et al., “Biomonitoring of Chemical Exposure among New York City Firefighters Responding to the World Trade Center Fire and Collapse.” Environmental Health Perspectives, Volume 111, Number 16, December 2003, pp. 1906-1911. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1241765/pdf/ehp0111-001906.pdf
Emmanuel, S., “Impact to lung health of haze from forest fires: The Singapore experience,” Respirology, Volume 5, 2000, pp. 175-182. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1440-1843.2000.00247.x
Fabian, T., Borgerson, J., Kerber, S., Gandhi, P., Baxter, C., Ross, C., Lockey, J. “Firefighter Exposure to Smoke Particulates.” Underwriters Laboratories. Final Report. Project Number: 08CA31673 April 1, 2010. https://www.ul.com/global/documents/offerings/industries/buildingmaterials/fireservice/WEBDOCUMENTS/EMW-2007-FP-02093%20-%20Executive%20Summary.pdf
Fent KW, Evans DE, Booher D, Pleil JD, Stiegel MA, Horn GP, Dalton J. "Volatile Organic Compounds Off-gassing from Firefighters' Personal Protective Equipment Ensembles after Use,"J Occup Environ Hyg. 2015;12(6):404-14. doi: 10.1080/15459624.2015.1025135.
Feuer, E, Rosenman, K, “Mortality in Police and Firefighters in New Jersey.” American Journal of Industrial Medicine. Volume 9, 1986, pp. 517-527. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.4700090603
Fent, KW, Alexander, B, Roberts, J, Robertson, S, Toennis, C., Sammons, D, Bertke, S, Kerber, S, Smith, D & Horn, G (2017): Contamination of firefighter personal protective equipment and skin and the effectiveness of decontamination procedures, Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, DOI: 10.1080/15459624.2017.1334904
Grant, C., “Respiratory Exposure Study for Fire Fighters And Other Emergency Responders”, The Fire Protection Research Foundation, National Fire Protection Association, Quincy, MA, December 2007. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10694-009-0104-x
Grimes, G, Hirsch, D, Borgeson, D, “Risk of Death Among Honolulu Fire Fighters.” Hawaii Medical Journal, Volume 50, No. 3, March 1991, pp. 82-85. https://www.hjmph.org/vol50.html#n3
Guidotti, T, “Mortality of Urban Firefighters in Alberta, 1927-1987.” American Journal of Industrial Medicine. Volume 23, 1993, pp. 921-940. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.4700230608
Hänninen, O., Salonen, R., Koistinen, K., Lanki, T, et al, “Population exposure to fine particles and estimated excess mortality in Finland from an East European wildfire episode,” Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology, Volume 19, 2009, pp. 414-422. https://doi.org/10.1038/jes.2008.31
Heyer, N., Weiss, N.S., Demers, P. et al., “Cohort mortality study of Seattle fire fighters: 1945-1983.” American Journal of Medicine, Volume 17, 1990, pp. 493-504.
Hoek, M.R., Bracebridge, S., Oliver, I., Health impact of the Buncefield oil depot fire, December 2005: Study of accident and emergency case records,” Journal of Public Health, Volume 29, Number 3, June 2007, pp. 298-302.
Howe, G.R., Burch, J.D., “Firefighters and risk of cancer: an assessment and overview of the epidemiologic evidence.” American Journal of Epidemiology, Volume 132, 1990, pp. 1039-1050.
Kelsall, H.L., Sim, M.R., Forbes, A.B., McKenzie, D.P., Glass, D.C., Ikin, J.F., et al, “Respiratory health status of Australian veterans of the 1991 Gulf War and the effects of exposure to oil fire smoke and dust storms,” Thorax, Volume 59, 2004, pp. 897-903.
Kinnes, G., Hine, G., Health Hazard Evaluation Report 96-0171-2692, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms, Washington, D.C, May 1998.
Künzli, N., Avol, E., Wu, J., Gauderman, J., Rappaport, E. et al, “Health Effects of the 2003 Southern California Wildfires on Children,” American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Volume 174, 2006, pp. 1221-1228.
Lackore, R., Firefighter Anthropometric Data White Paper, Fire Apparatus Manufacturer’s Association, FAMA Technical Committee, Chassis Subcommittee, October 20, 2007.
Lange, J., Schwartz, D., Doebbeling, B., Heller, J., Thorne, P., “Exposures to the Kuwait Oil Fire and Their Association with Asthma and Bronchitis among Gulf War Veterans,” Environmental Health Perspectives, Volume 110, Number 11, November 2002, pp. 1141- 1146.
LeMasters, G., Genaidy, A., Succop, P., et al, “Cancer Risk Among Firefighters: A Review and Meta-Analysis of 32 Studies”, Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Volume 48, Number 11, November 2006, pp. 1189-1202.
Lite, J, “360 post-9/11 workers have died, including 80 of cancer, says state”, Daily News (New York), May 8, 2008.
Ma, F, Fleming, L, Lee, D, et al., “Mortality in Florida Professional Firefighters, 1972-1999.” American Journal of Industrial Medicine. Volume 47, 2005, pp. 509-517.
Mott, J., Meyer, P., Mannino, D., Redd, S., “Wildland forest fire smoke: health effects and intervention evaluation, Hoopa California, 1999,” Western Journal of Medicine, Volume 176, Number 3, May 2002, pp. 157-162.
Morgan, O., Verlander, N.Q., Kennedy, F., Moore, M., Birch, S. et al, “Exposures and reported symptoms associated with occupational deployment to the Buncefield fuel depot fire, England 2005,” Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Volume 65, 2008, pp. 404-411.
Musk, AW, Monson, RR, Peters, JM, et al. “Mortality among Boston firefighters, 1915-1975”, British Journal of Industrial Medicine, Volume 35, 1978, pp. 104-108.
Noonan, G., Stobbe, J., Keane, P., Reed, L., Ronk, R., Hendricks, S., McCarthy, R., “Firesmoke: A Field Evaluation of Self-Contained Breathing
Apparatus”, National Institute for Occupation Safety and Health, Division of Safety Research, Morgantown, West Virginia, Accession number PB93-159119, 1989.
Ovadnevaite, J., Kvietkus, K., Marsalka, A., “2002 summer fires in Lithuania: Impact on the Vilnius city air quality and the inhabitants’ health,” Science of the Total Environment, Volume 356, 2006, pp. 11-21.
Products of Combustion: Draft Summary Information, Health Protection Agency, Chemical Hazards and Poisons Division, London, July 2006.
Reinhardt, T., Ottmar, R., “Smoke Exposure at Western Wildfires”, United Stated Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Research Paper, PNW-RP-525, July 2000.
Solan, S., Wallenstein, S., Shapiro, M., Teitelbaum, S. L., Stevenson, L., Kochman, A., … Landrigan, P. J. (2013). Cancer Incidence in World Trade Center Rescue and Recovery Workers, 2001–2008. Environmental Health Perspectives, 121(6), 699–704. http://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1205894
Smith, T., Heller, J., Hooper, T., Gackstetter, G., Gray, G., “Are Gulf Veterans Experiencing Illness due to Exposure to Smoke from Kuwaiti Oil Well Fires? Examination of Department of Defense Hospitalization Data,” American Journal of Epidemiology, Volume 155, Number 10, 2002, pp. 908-917.
Snyder, E., Health Hazard Evaluation Report 2004-0368-3030, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives, Austin, TX, January 2007.
Tornling, G, Gustavsson, P, Hogstedt, C, “Mortality and Cancer Incidence in Stockholm Fire Fighters.” American Journal of Industrial Medicine. Volume 25, 1994, pp. 219-228.
Upshur, R., James, M., Richardson, E. et al, “Short-Term Adverse Health Effects in a Community Exposed to a Large Polyvinylchloride Plastics Fire,” Archives of Environmental Health, Volume 56, Number 3, May/June 2001, pp. 264-270.
Vedal, S. and Dutton, S., “Wildfire air pollution and daily mortality in a large urban area,” Environmental Research, Volume 102, 2006, pp. 29-35.
Viswanathan, S., Eria, L., Diunugala, N., Johnson, J., McClean, C., “An Analysis of Effects of San Diego Wildfire on Ambient Air Quality,” Journal of Air and Waste Management Association, Volume 56, January 2006, pp. 56-67.
*The conclusions and findings within the articles posted in the library do not necessarily represent the opinions of FireTox, LLC or its members.